Piperidine is a heterocyclic organic compound that consists of a six-membered ring containing one nitrogen atom. It has the chemical formula C5H11N and is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. Piperidine is a basic compound and can act as a weak organic base.
Piperidine and its derivatives have a variety of uses in the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and chemical industries. In pharmaceuticals, piperidine is used as a building block for the synthesis of various drugs, such as antihistamines, antipsychotics, and analgesics. In the agrochemical industry, piperidine derivatives are used as herbicides and insecticides. In the chemical industry, piperidine is used as a solvent and as a starting material for the synthesis of other compounds.